Author(s): Buchegger, Stephanie
Published by: JAMK-JHSS (2020)
Language of article: English
Buchegger, S. (2020) Analyzing the economic burden of COVID-19 patient hospitalization and testing: A comparison between the Netherlands and Germany, JAMK Journal of Health and Social Studies, e67-e78.
This study is a retrospective cost analysis to estimate the financial burden of the COVID-19 pandemic on the health care system of two European countries, the Netherlands and Germany. As a first objective, the financial burden of COVID- 19 patient hospitalizations over a period of 30 days of the pandemic peak per 100k population was examined through a literature-based analysis. As a secondary objective, both countries were analyzed in their optimum number of COVID- 19 infections and diagnosis testing according to World Health Organization (WHO) recommendations such as in the financial impact on extra testing via a one- day analysis by using prices of Medicare 2020. The study was conducted on the basis of the availability of COVID- 19 data on the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME) – platform of the University of Washington. Results show a financial burden of COVID-19 pandemic hospitalization over a period of 30 days of the pandemic peak per 100k population which was more than five times higher in the Netherlands than in Germany due to a more sever pandemic and higher costs of health care and medical care services. Considering the financial impact of COVID- 19 extra testing on 19-May-2020, Germany initiated more than thirty times as many diagnostic tests than the Netherlands and thus had immensely increases in health care expenditures which resulted in 1.8 million Euro on that day. Study results draw attention to high financial burden of the COVID-19 pandemic and beside show strong differences in health care economics between the Netherlands and Germany.
Keywords: cost analysis; COVID-19; COVID-19 testing; Europe; financial analysis; patient hospitalization