Instructions for Authors


You can submit articles and cases to Finnish Business Review. Submission implies that it has not been published before or is not under consideration for publication elsewhere. It also means that its publication has been approved by all co-authors and also by the responsible authorities where the work has been carried out. The publisher will not be held legally responsible if there are any claims regarding the above possible undesired copyright issues. All manuscripts will be checked for plagiarism. Manuscripts should be sent by email to E-mails should include the following types of files:

1. Title page (named Titlepage.docx)

2. Manuscript (named Manuscript.docx)

Title Page

The title page should be submitted as a separate file and include the following:

– The title of the article or the case

– The name(s), affiliation(s), address(es), and e-mails of all author(s). Please indicate who will be the corresponding author.

– An abstract of approximately 150 words which should not contain any abbreviations or references

– 4 to 6 keywords that describe the content

General Instructions for Manuscripts of Articles and Cases

Manuscripts should be submitted in Word and not include any information which may reveal the name(s) of the author(s). They can be in English or in Finnish languages. They should, normally, be no longer than 8,000 words, including all words on the title page, in artwork, and in references.

– Use 10-point Times Roman for text.

– Use double spacing.

– Use italics for emphasis.

– Use the automatic page numbering function to number the pages. Page numbers should appear on the right-upper corners of pages.

– Avoid in general the use of footnotes and endnotes (except endnotes in making citations in cases).

– Save your file in docx format (Word 2007 or higher).

– Use the decimal system of headings with no more than three levels (e.g., 1. Introduction, 2. Literature Review, 2.1 xxxxxx, 2.2 xxxxxxxx, etc.).

– Abbreviations should be defined at first mention and used consistently thereafter.

– Acknowledgments of people, grants, funds, etc. should not be mentioned in the first submission. They should be placed in a separate section before the reference list after acceptance of the article or the case.

– Manuscripts that are accepted for publication will be checked for spelling and formal style. If you are not writing in your native language, you may want to have your manuscript edited by a native speaker prior to submission.

Citations and References in Articles

– Cite references in the text by name and year in parentheses. If there is more than one reference in a citation, it should be ordered in chronological order. The page number should be given if certain text, figure, or table is directly included in the manuscript. Some examples:

1. One study argues that clustering leads to employment growth in manufacturing industries but not necessarily to international export success (McDonald et al. 2007).

2. Acknowledgment of the benefits of clustering has led to increasing cluster initiatives both in advanced economies and in emerging economies during the last twenty years (Sölvell et al. 2003; Ketels et al. 2006).

3. Porter (1998, 78) defines clusters as geographic concentrations of interconnected companies and institutions in a particular field.

– The list of references should only include works that are cited in the text. In articles, do not use footnotes or endnotes as a substitute for a reference list. Reference list entries should be in alphabetical order by the last names of the first author of each work. Journal names and book titles should be italicized. Some examples below:

o  Journal article

Beaudry, C., & Breschi, S. (2003). Are firms in clusters really more innovative? Economics of Innovation and New Technology, 12(4), 325-342.

Folta, T. B., Cooper, A. C., & Baik, Y. S. (2006). Geographic cluster size and firm performance. Journal of Business Venturing, 21(2), 217-242.

o  Book

Acemoglu, D., & Robinson, J. (2012). Why nations fail: The origins of power, prosperity, and poverty. New York: Crown Business.

Ketels, C., Lindqvist, G., & Sölvell, Ö. (2006). Cluster initiatives in developing and transition economies. Stockholm: Center for Strategy and Competitiveness.

o   Book chapter

Sala-I-Martin, X., Bilbao-Osorio, B., Blanke, J., Hanouz, M. D., Geiger, T., & Ko, C. (2013). The global competitiveness index 2013-2014: Sustaining growth, building resilience. In: K. Schwab (Ed.), The global competitiveness report 2013-2014: Full data edition (pp. 3-52). Geneva: World Economic Forum.

o   Online document

International Data Corporation (2012). IDC predicts 2013 will be dominated by mobile and cloud developments as the IT industry shifts into full-blown competition on the 3rd platform, Accessed 15 November 2013.

o   Conference paper

Sasson, A., & Reve, T. (2012). Competitiveness as industrial attractiveness: Operationalizing the emerald model. Paper presented at the 2012 Microeconomics of Competitiveness Research Workshop, December 10, 2012, Harvard Business School, Boston.

Citations and References in Cases

Different than in articles, citations in cases should be made using endnotes. In the endnotes, the references should be prepared following the same principles as in the articles (see above).

Artwork in Articles

– Tables and figures (i.e. artwork) are to be numbered and provided with a caption (title). While a figure caption is located under the figure, a table caption is located above the table (this is automatically taken care of if the caption function of Microsoft Word is used).

– Tables and figures should be referenced appropriately at the end of captions if they are adapted from other sources.

– Include the artwork (figures or tables) in the manuscript of the article at the place where they should appear.

Artwork in Cases

– Tables and figures (i.e. artwork) are to be named as Exhibits in cases.

– Exhibits are provided as a list starting with Exhibit 1 at the end of the case before the Endnotes.

– Provide a caption for each exhibit above the artwork.

– Provide the source for the exhibit if it is adapted from another source. The citation to the source should be placed under the artwork of the exhibit, and its reference should be provided in the Endnotes.

– Make citations to Exhibits inside the manuscript in the appropriate place using the exhibit number in parenthesis, e.g., (see Exhibit 1).

Self-archiving Policy

Authors may self-archive the author’s accepted manuscript of their articles on their own websites. Authors may also deposit this version of the article in his/her organization´s repository. Furthermore, the author may only post his/her version provided acknowledgement is given to the original source of publication and a link is inserted to the published article on original source. The link must be provided by inserting articles’ URN-number:

“The final publication is available at[insert article´s URN-number]

URN-address is located at the end of each article.